About Tar and Chip
Tar and Chip Paving
When choosing between two types of paving materials, it is important to consider how much they cost, how durable they are, and how they look. If you are considering tar and chip paving for your home, this article will provide you with a brief overview of the pros and cons of both. Continue reading to learn more about the two most popular types of driveways. We also provide you with tips to make your driveway last as long as possible.
Unlike asphalt, tar and chip paving has a much longer lifespan. Because it is made in layers, tar and chip won't be as thick as asphalt. However, they are just as durable. Tar and chip is more affordable than asphalt, so you can easily install it on your driveway without having to worry about the cost. Here are some pros and cons of tar and chip paving. Read on to learn more.
While tar and chip driveways are not as durable as asphalt or concrete, they are still very durable, lasting anywhere from seven to ten years. These driveways also feature great traction. The cost of tar and chip paving is typically between $2 and $5 per square foot, depending on the type of material and amount of traffic. They also look good and last for several decades. Nevertheless, tar and chip driveways are generally not suitable for high-traffic areas.
The price of Tar and Chip paving can vary greatly depending on the type of material used. The standard method involves placing hot liquid bitumen asphalt over a compacted surface. Once this has been completed, a layer of "chip" will be applied. The "chip" can be made of a variety of materials, including recycled concrete or asphalt ground into small particles. Once this layer has been applied, the driveway will be sealed and waterproof.
When comparing the cost of asphalt paving, tar and chip is the cheaper option. The material costs approximately $2 to $5 per square foot. A full tar and chip paving project can cost anywhere from $650 to $3,000, depending on the size of the driveway. Once installed, the tar and chip pavement will last anywhere from seven to ten years. However, homeowners may decide to add another layer after a few years to increase its longevity.
The most significant difference between traditional asphalt and tar and chip is their appearance. While asphalt has a 20-year lifespan, tar and chip is almost maintenance free. The tar and chip melts when heated, filling in cracks automatically. The difference between tar and chip and asphalt is striking - tar and chip look like an old gravel driveway. This is why many home owners opt for tar and chip paving on large driveways.
A tar-and-chip driveway is built by first laying a gravel base. Then, hot liquid asphalt is applied on top. Then, loose stones are compacted into the bitumen to create a finished product with a classy appearance. This process eliminates the need for regular sealing, and it's less prone to crack. Thomas and Dustin's Asphalt has the expertise to install this type of paving, providing quality installations.
The process of tar and chip paving maintenance requires that you work with the right equipment and apply the right amount of liquid asphalt. This process is critical for the longevity of the pavement and is usually performed during dry weather. The proper mix of liquid asphalt and water is applied on the existing pavement to ensure that it remains durable. Then, a layer of "gravel" or aggregate is added to the top of the liquid asphalt to create a slip-resistant surface.
In contrast to blacktop, tar and chip paving maintenance is almost zero. Unlike asphalt, tar and chip requires fewer repairs and sealing than blacktop. It does not show visible cracks like blacktop does, so the process is less time consuming. Plus, tar and chip surfaces have the advantage of providing extra traction during snow and wet conditions. Whether your driveway, parking lot, or street is asphalt or tar and chip, these surfaces are easy to clean.
About Ladue, Missouri
Ladue is an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis, located in St. Louis County, Missouri. As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 8,989.
Ladue has the highest median household income of any city in Missouri with a population over 1,000.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.55 square miles (22.14 km), all land.
Tilles Park is a large park within Ladue.
As of the 2020 census, there were 8,989 people and 3,159 households living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 86.7% White, 1.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 5.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 5.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,521 people, 3,169 households, and 2,538 families residing in the city. The population density was 996.6 inhabitants per square mile (384.8/km2). There were 3,377 housing units at an average density of 395.0 per square mile (152.5/km). The racial makeup of the city was 94.1% White, 1.0% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 3,169 households, of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.6% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 19.9% were non-families. 18.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.06.
The median age in the city was 46.4 years. 27.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16.1% were from 25 to 44; 33.7% were from 45 to 64, and 18.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,645 people, 3,414 households, and 2,598 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,006.2 inhabitants per square mile (388.5/km2). There were 3,557 housing units at an average density of 414.0 per square mile (159.8/km). The racial makeup of the city was 96.83% White, 0.88% African American, 0.10% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population.
Ladue is Missouri's best-educated city, proportionately, with 74.5% of adult residents (25 and older) holding an associate degree or higher, and 71.8% of adults possessing a bachelor's degree or higher (2000 Census).
There were 3,414 households, out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.6% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the city the population was spread out, with 24.5% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 16.9% from 25 to 44, 32.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $141,720, and the median income for a family was $179,328. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $51,678 for females. The per capita income for the city was $89,623. About 1.4% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over.
The Ladue School District serves all of Ladue and part of Frontenac, Olivette, Town and Country, and Creve Coeur. The Ladue School District is home to the elementary schools Conway, Old Bonhomme, Reed, and Spoede. Ladue Horton Watkins High School is the only high school in the district and is located in Ladue. As of the 2015–2016 academic year, Ladue High School had an enrollment of 1,301 students.
Ladue is home to two of St. Louis' private high schools, the John Burroughs School and Mary Institute and St. Louis Country Day School (MICDS). As well as Community School for grades PK-6.
The Headquarters Branch of the St. Louis County Library is located in Ladue on Lindbergh Boulevard (US 67).
The historical anecdotes contained in this section were derived from the 2011 book "Ladue Found", written by Charlene Bry, former editor and owner of "The Ladue News."
Ladue began as a farming community St. Louis County suburb. After St. Louis City ejected St. Louis County in 1876, Ladue was known as ranges 4 and 5 of "Township 45," with Clayton being the political hub. Original Township 45 farming families included the Dennys, Dwyers, Conways, McCutcheons, McKnights (all Irish), Litzsinger, von Schraders, Spoedes, Luedloffs, Muellers, Seigers Per 1868 Pitzman map of St. Louis, as well as 1878 and 1909 maps of St. Louis County (all German), LaDues (French), Warsons, Lays, Barnes, Prices, and Watsons (all English). Once automobiles replaced horse and wagon as the primary mode of transportation, farmers in the area began selling portions of their land to city workers who wished to live outside of the urban setting. Three small villages (Village of LaDue, Village of Deer Creek, and the Village of McKnight) merged in 1936 to become what is now known as Ladue. Ladue was named from Ladue Road, the main thoroughfare in the area that led from St. Louis City to wealthy entrepreneur Peter Albert LaDue's large property at the current intersection of Warson Road and Ladue Road (including St. Louis Country Club). Peter Albert LaDue was born in Kinderhook, New York, in 1821, a descendant of Pierre LaDoux, who arrived from France in the 1600s. He arrived in Saint Louis about 1848 and later became a prominent attorney, alderman, and banker and land speculator.
In the early 1990s, the city tried to force a woman to take down a yard sign stating "Say No to the War in the Persian Gulf, Call Congress Now" as it violated a city law. The ACLU sued, arguing that the right to place the sign was protected by the 1st Amendment. The ensuing legal battle went to the United States Supreme Court which unanimously ruled, in City of Ladue v. Gilleo, that the right to place the sign was protected by the Constitution.
In 1986, the City of Ladue won a case against E. Terrence Jones and Joan Kelly Horn, a couple who had lived together for four years and who each brought children from a previous relationship. Ladue officials had requested that they marry or leave their home. The Missouri Court of Appeals sided with the city, stating in City of Ladue v. Horn that "A man and woman living together, sharing pleasures and certain responsibilities, does not per se constitute a family in even the conceptual sense. [...] There is no doubt that there is a governmental interest in marriage and in preserving the integrity of the biological or legal family. There is no concomitant governmental interest in keeping together a group of unrelated persons, no matter how closely they simulate a family. Further, there is no state policy which commands that groups of people may live under the same roof in any section of a municipality they choose." Under Chapter 213 of the Missouri Human Rights Act (§213.040.1), passed after the Ladue v. Horn case, housing discrimination on the basis of familial status is now an unlawful practice.
In 2010, the former chief of police, Larry White, sued the City of Ladue for wrongful termination. The suit was dismissed by the Circuit Court of St. Louis County in 2012 and the dismissal upheld by the Missouri Court of Appeals in 2013.
Despite comprising only 0.88% of the local population, black drivers in Ladue comprised 575 (of 4107 total, or 14%) stops in 2014. The resulting "disparity index" indicates a black driver was 15.98 times more likely than the average driver to be stopped by the Ladue Police Department in 2014, but the police department contends the statistics are skewed by the local racial composition.